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公告事項

分類:文獻 發佈日期:2020-12-24
標題:【電子煙新興菸品】Current Perspectives on Characteristics, Compositions, and Toxicological Effects of E-Cigarettes Containing Tobacco and Menthol/Mint Flavors

Review Front Physiol. 2020 Nov 19;11:613948. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.613948. eCollection 2020.

Current Perspectives on Characteristics, Compositions, and Toxicological Effects of E-Cigarettes Containing Tobacco and Menthol/Mint Flavors

Gurjot Kaur 1Anshuman Gaurav 1Thomas Lamb 2Melanie Perkins 2Thivanka Muthumalage 2Irfan Rahman 2

Affiliations expand

Free PMC article

Abstract

Electronic nicotine delivery systems/devices (ENDS) such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been made available globally, with the intent to reduce tobacco smoking. To make these products more appealing to young adults, many brands have added flavoring agents. However, these flavoring agents are shown to progressively result in lung toxicity when inhaled via e-cigarettes. While recent federal regulations have banned the sale of flavored e-cigarettes other than tobacco or menthol flavors, concerns have been raised about the health effects of even these flavors. In this review, we evaluate the current toxicological data with regard to effects upon exposure in animal models and in vitro cell culture for these popular flavorants. We have tabulated the current e-cigarette products containing these most common flavors (menthol, mint, and tobacco) in the market. We have also indicated the prevalence of tobacco and menthol-flavor use among e-cigarette users and highlighted the possible challenges and benefits that will result from new federal regulations.

Keywords: e-cigarettes; menthol; mint; tobacco; toxicity.

Copyright © 2020 Kaur, Gaurav, Lamb, Perkins, Muthumalage and Rahman.